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آیا دچار بی خوابی شبانه هستید؟
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07 بهمن 1393
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علت ایست تنفسی خواب چیست ؟

ایست تنفسی خواب معمولا به علت شل شدن عضلات نگهدارنده کام نرم ، زبان کوچک و لوزه ها در زمان خواب رخ میدهد . با شل شدن این عضلات زبان و حتی فک رو به عقب جابجا شده و مسیر راه هوایی تنگ میشود و در ادامه باعث انسداد هوایی و وقفه های تنفسی  برای مدت کوتاه در حد چند ثانیه میشود . در این حالت اکسیژن رسانی به بدن و نیز برداشت دی اکسید کربن از بافت های بدن دچار اختلال میشود.

با شدت گرفتن کمبود اکسیژن ، مغز به ناگهان بیدار میشود و به عضلات مسیر راه هوایی فرمان انقباض میدهد در نتیجه انقباض عضلات مسیر راه هوایی باز میود و مجدد تنفس از سر گرفته میشود  در تعدادی از ایست ها شخص بطور کامل بیدار شده و مشکل را درک میکند ولی در تعداد زیادتری از وقفه ها فقط خواب بیمار به مرحله سطحی تری کاهش یافته و شخص متوجه آن نمیشود . این چرخه در طول شب در افراد با آپنه انسدادی خواب چندین بار تکرار میشود و خواب عمیق آرامش بخش را غیر ممکن میسازد.

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